Knee arthroscopy and microfracture of osteochondral defect surgical technique
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Microfracture is a form of cartilage repair that was popularised in the 1980s by Richard Steadman in Colorado, USA. It is not overly technically demanding and has shown good functional outcomes for small (<2cm2) lesions. Original data from the 1980s suggested its use for larger lesions (up to 4cm2). More recent evidence such as NICE guidance and alternative treatments, such as autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI), have narrowed the indications of microfracture based on size.
It is a straightforward procedure to undertake in one sitting and worthwhile for appropriate sized lesions. However it must be appreciated that microfracture creates repair-type fibrocartilage rather than hyaline cartilage, which is inferior in terms of biomechanics and longevity.
Modern cartilage regeneration techniques are also available and garnering good evidence, especially for larger lesions. Autologous cartilage implantation (ACI) for example is a much more costly, 2-stage procedure. The size of the lesion therefore is critical in the decision making process as the results of ACI can be impaired by previous failed regenerative procedures including microfracture.
Author :Mr Andrew Pearse FRCS (Tr & Orth)
Institution: The Worcestershire Acute Hospitals NHS Trust, UK.
- Each operation and the questions associated become a named course in the CPD section
- The operative technique itself is read as a lesson as is any company implant information if this is being assessed.
- You’ll need to tick the box to confirm this has been done and can do this immediately if you have already read the op tech.
- The vast majority of operations have a 10-15 MCQ quiz covering all aspects of the decision making and the technique
- There are four possible answers of which one is correct (or on occasion more correct) than the others.
- There are additional quiz modules on the surgical steps, the implants and problem cases being added continually
- The course is completed once all the lessons are read and quizzes submitted and passed.
- On successful completion of each quiz you will receive validated CPD points that add to the certificate in your CPD folder.
- Your dashboard also will contain a record of the time you have spent logged onto and using the site.
- The timer suspends after 5 minutes though if there is no activity.
- When you restart you will resume at the same point in the module.
- Once you have completed each quiz you will need to feedback on the module first then click “submit” and your paper will be marked.
The pass mark is 75%.
- If you fall below this level you will be directed back to re-read the slides where you’ve tripped up.
- Once these have been read you can re-do just the questions you failed on.
- Once you have passed the quiz you can return at a future stage & resit .
- Operation Quiz – 1 CPD point
- Surgical steps Quiz – 1/4 CPD point
- Implants Quiz – 1/4 CPD point
- Problem case Quiz – 1/2 CPD point
One CPD point equates to one hour of academic activity
Welcome to the Professional Development question section. The objective of taking these tests is to demonstrate that you have understood all aspects of the assessment and management of patients requiring surgical intevention. On successful completion you will receive a certificate accredited by both the Royal College of Surgeons of both England and Edinburgh as well as the British Orthopaedic Association.
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